Aquarium Water Pumps
Aquarium water pumps are equipment used to maintain the cleanliness of an
aquarium and it supports the survival of its inhabitants by providing oxygenation and water circulation. Filtration
and circulation helps in keeping the water healthy. Circulation also ensures that the water does not become
stagnant. The aquarium water pump provides oxygenation by moving the water to the surface making it interact with
the air. Because of this interaction, the oxygen and carbon dioxide cycle happens. It provides circulation without
the presence of currents.
Aquarium water pumps are small devices that can be placed outside of the aquarium or
can be submerged into the water. Submerged water pumps should be monitored for heat generation while pumps hooked
outside the aquarium generally does not need constant supervision.
Determining The Size Of Aquarium Water Pumps
The size and power of aquarium water pumps should be directly proportional to the amount of
water it contains, as well as the size of the aquarium. For larger tanks, more powerful water pump is needed to
circulate the water. Water pumps have higher flow rate than power heads making them suitable for larger tanks. For
smaller tanks, less powerful pump is required. The entire water of your aquarium should pass through the water pump
several times per hour.
The turnover or circulation of the water is measured in gallon per hour (GPH). The movement of
water is also an indication of the power that aquarium water pumps have. Your tank will need 100 GPH if it holds 20
gallons of water and if the set up circulates five times per hour. If your aquarium contains inhabitant that uses
the natural current in their feeding cycle, then you will also need more powerful aquarium water pumps. Examples of
these organisms are invertebrates and coral reefs.
Aquarium water pumps work by displacing the water. Air that is released into the water creates bubbles.
These bubbles will then displace the water and sends up the carbon dioxide to the surface. For external pumps,
the air is moved through a hose connected to the pump submerged into the water. The circulated water through the
pumps should pass through a filtration system. This is necessary to maintain the water clean from any decaying
organic matter, dirt particles, and any waste product of the organisms.
Different Types Of Filters Utilized By Aquarium Water
The biological filter and the mechanical filter are the two important types of filters utilized
by aquarium water pumps. Mechanical filter removes wastes from water, preventing anything that
will clog up the biological filter and it also keeps the water clear. Biological filters are composed of
bacteria that grow in the filter and the tank. They remove dangerous byproducts of organic waste decomposition.
The surface area is an important factor when it comes to biological filters.
Aquarium water pumps are rated according to their flow rates and the per gallon size of the
tank. When purchasing a pump, it is important to consider the size of the tank, required gallon size and the flow
rate. If you decide to add more items such as plants and other accessories to your tank, a larger pump is needed.
In purchasing aquarium water pumps, you should first choose the type of filter that you
prefer. Consider a dual filtration system for the reason that it will keep your tank cleaner but a disadvantage
of this is that it can increase electrical costs and maintenance. After that, select the proper size of the
system for your tank. Install the filtration unit and from then on always maintain your equipment. One day, if
you decide to keep your fishes in your garden pond instead, then you will require a garden water pump.